Posts Tagged ‘service-oriented architecture’

Building a Digital Information Market Place for Open Innovation with Collibra, Atira, IBM Research and the Flemish Public Administration

June 20, 2011

Prosperity in a knowledge-based economy will benefit from a well-oiled innovation engine. With the advent of the Web, companies and research institutions have come to realize that they can no longer rely on their own research to innovate. Open innovation is a new practice in which stakeholders trade ideas and results for the benefit of themselves and others; a digital information market place for innovation may then naturally emerge.

The Department of Economy, Science and Innovation (EWI) of the Flemish government has taken the lead at European Open innovation to drive through Flanders Research Information Space (FRIS, that is “fresh” in Dutch), an ambitious change program that makes data on innovation-related core entities ranging from institutions , researchers, and projects to patents publicly available by means of semantic standards governance (Collibra, EuroCRIS) and service-oriented technology (Atira).

FRIS basic services: a mesh-up of core entities Project, Organisations, and People on a geographical map

Ultimately, this technology forms a generative basis for a digital information marketplace for innovation. To trade information services, one should first determine what information should be included, and what roles are involved in its assembly.

Snapshot of the Collibra Business Semantics Glossary

In this article we discuss the role of business semantics for describing innovation-related core entities. We further illustrate how the business semantics, can be used to capture the life (and assembly) of core entities. Finally, we give a future perspective on FRIS as a digital information market place  for innovation in the broader context of the Semantic Web, today better known as Linked Data Web.

The article is now being published in the professional magazine “Informatie” and will soon be available in English too. As a sneak preview: next figure shows a screenshot of the term “Project” (within the “Project” vocabulary of “CERIF” speech community that is part of the “FRIS” semantic community) in Business Semantics Glossary that implements the SBVR standard. The software is currently deployed at EWI for managing business semantics of CERIF terms underlying the future market place.

A term (here “Project”) can be defined using one or more attributes such as definitions, examples, fact types, rule sets, categorisation schemas (partly shown in taxonomy), and finally milestones for the lifecycle. “Project” is a subtype of the “Thing” and has two subtypes: “large academic project” and “small industrial project”.

Re governance: in the top-right corner is indicated which member in the community (here “Pieter De Leenheer”) carries the role of “steward”, who is ultimately responsible for this term. The status “candidate” indicates that the term is not yet fully articulated: in this case “Project” only 37.5%. This percentage is automatically calculated based on the articulation tasks that have to be performed according to the business semantics management methodology. Tasks are related to defining attributes and are distributed among stakeholders and orchestrated using workflows.

To be continued.

Collibra and IBM Research join forces in European research on service-oriented architectures

May 20, 2010

I am happy to announce that my company Collibra has acquired considerable co-funding in ACSI, a European FP7 research project worth 5 million Euro. ACSI stands for “Artifact-Centric Service Interoperation”. The coordinator is IBM Research Haifa, and the kick-off of the project will be held in June at their premises in Israel. Details of the international consortium are below.

ACSI will serve to dramatically reduce the effort and lead-time of designing, deploying, maintaining, and joining into environments that support service collaborations. This will be achieved by developing a rich framework around the novel notions of dynamic artifacts and interoperation hubs, enabling a substantial simplification in the establishment and maintenance of service collaborations.

Motivation

Interoperation between electronic services, and more generally the business processes embodied by these services, is one of the most challenging and pressing issues in today’s increasingly globalized and de-centralized economy. Out-sourcing, globalization, and the automation of business processes continue to increase.  However, today, there is no effective, flexible, scalable, and principled approach to enable the interoperation of services across enterprise boundaries in support of shared (business) goals.  This is a major roadblock to preventing the automation of these kinds of collaboration, and more broadly, the design, deployment, and operation of innovative value nets.  The ACSI project is aimed directly at filling this vacuum.

Based on an innovative foundation, the ACSI research will develop scientific advances, techniques, and tools to dramatically simplify the design and deployment of infrastructure to support service collaborations, the ability of services to join such collaborations, and the evolution of such collaborations as the marketplace and competitive landscape change.

A Brand New Approach

Artifact-Centric Service Interoperation (ACSI) is based on two fundamental constructs: the interoperation hub and dynamic artifacts. Business-driven intelligent operation of these constructs will be grounded by business semantics.

An interoperation hub serves as a virtual rendezvous for multiple services that work together towards a common goal. Our research will develop a principled, easy-to-use framework for creating, deploying, maintaining, and joining into ACSI interoperation hubs in essentially any application domain. Similar to EasyChair or SalesForce.com, an ACSI interoperation hub will serve as the anchor for a collaborative IT environment that supports large numbers of service collaborations that operate independently, but focus on essentially common goals. These hubs are primarily reactive, serving as a kind of structured whiteboard to which participating services can refer. The hubs can be updated with information relevant to the group, assist the services by carrying out selected tasks, or notify services of key events.

Example of interoperation hub that supports collaboration around hiring

The interoperation hubs used in ACSI will be structured around dynamic artifacts, also known as “business artifacts” or “business entities”. These provide an holistic marriage of data and processes, serving as the basic building block for modeling, specifying, and implementing services and business processes.  In the context of single enterprises, it has been shown that the use of artifacts can lead to substantial cost savings in the design and deployment of business operations and processes, and can dramatically improve communication between stakeholders. Artifacts can give an end-to-end view of how key conceptual business entities evolve as they move through the business operations, in many cases across two or more silos. As a result, artifacts can substantially simplify the management or “hand-off” of data and processing between services and organizations.

A key pillar of the ACSI research is to generalize the advantages of dynamic artifacts to the broader context of interoperation hubs and service collaborations. While the interoperation hubs themselves will take advantage of the artifact paradigm, the services participating in such hubs are not required to be artifact-centric; they can be conventional SOA services, including legacy applications with SOA adapters.

Impact

ACSI provides an approach to populating the web with semantically rich building blocks, around which services can cluster to create a broad variety of service collaborations and value networks.

The ACSI interoperation hub framework, in conjunction with the underlying ACSI artifact paradigm, provides a rich structure around which many subsequent scientific and technology advances can be made. The ACSI research will substantially extend current verification and synthesis techniques to incorporate data along with process, and will develop the next generation of process mining research by generalizing it to handle data along with process.

The project aims to achieve dramatic savings over conventional approaches to service interoperation across several areas: design and deployment, on-boarding, day-to-day operation, maintenance, data transformation automation, and evolvability. This will be accomplished while enabling rich flexibility for the different service collaborations using a given interoperation hub.

The technology can be applicable in key challenge areas of societal importance, including government, energy, healthcare, supply chain logistics (especially in industries such as food or heavy manufacture with deep upstream supply chains), and heavy manufacture (e.g., airline industries). The mechanisms incorporated into the ACSI framework to support rich variation within a single hub can be especially advantageous in domains, such as human resources, where there are significant differences from country to country.

The ACSI interoperation hub framework will provide a paradigm shift in the way that services, and more generally enterprises, can work together.

Consortium

IBM Research – Haifa (coordinator)

Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza

Libera Università di Bolzano

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine

Technische Universiteit Eindhoven

Tartu Ulikool

Indra Software Labs SLU

Collibra NV